Serjeanty

Term (analogous with "thegnage) used for the tenure held by a "sergeant in return for which he served his lord by carrying his banner, making bows and arrows, and other such tasks. Other services could be as various as growing herbs, tending hounds when hurt, providing arrows, nursing sick falcons, providing fuel. A crucial aspect of a serjeanty was that neither knight service, nor "scutage were owed. "Magna Carta in 1215 stated that a serjeanty was both inalienable and impartible. "Bracton said the offices of serjeanties were 'infinite'. However, he did specify several: 'holding the pleas of their lords, or carrying letters within a certain precinct, or feeding greyhounds or harriers, or mewing hawks, or finding bows and arrows, or carrying them'. A serjeanty was also granted, for example, for taking royal money to the treasury at Winchester, before the 12c, after which time the treasury had moved to Westminster. The term was broad enough to cover also the tenure given by a great lord to various domestic servants. Cooks and porters, for instance, might be given some land, as might servants who helped during the hunting season. Such a tenure was exempt from such feudal dues as "wardship and "relief. These services were known as being "intrinsec. One of the grandest of serjeanties was that of the Dymokes of Scrivelsby, who were royal champions. [< Lat. servients = a servant] -
Cf. Radman

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Serjeanty — Tenure by serjeanty was a form of land holding in Medieval England (and is also used of similar forms in Continental Europe) under the feudal system, intermediate between tenure by knight service and tenure in socage.Origins and developmentIt… …   Wikipedia

  • serjeanty — /sarjantiy/ A species of tenure by knight service, which was due to the king only, and was distinguished into grand and petit serjeanty. The tenant holding by grand serjeanty was bound, instead of attending the king generally in his wars, to do… …   Black's law dictionary

  • serjeanty — /sahr jeuhn tee/, n. Medieval Eng. Law. a form of land tenure in which a tenant holding of the king rendered him exclusive services in a status below that of a knight. Also, sergeanty. Cf. grand serjeanty, petit serjeanty. [1300 50; ME sergeantie …   Universalium

  • serjeanty — Sergeanty Ser geant*y, n. [Cf. OF. sergentie, LL. sergentia. See {Sergeant}.] (Eng. Law) Tenure of lands of the crown by an honorary kind of service not due to any lord, but to the king only. [Written also {serjeanty}.] [1913 Webster] {Grand… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • serjeanty — noun A form of land ownership under the feudal system, where a family held an estate in exchange for rendering a service to their liege lord. The manor of Scrivelsby in England has, since the Middle Ages, been held by the Marmion family in grand… …   Wiktionary

  • serjeanty — See grand serjeanty; petit sergeanty …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • serjeanty — Usage: British variant of sergeanty …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • serjeanty — noun (plural serjeanties) historical a form of feudal tenure conditional on rendering some personal service to the monarch …   English new terms dictionary

  • serjeanty — ser·jeanty …   English syllables

  • serjeanty — noun see sergeanty …   Useful english dictionary

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